Eye speculums are special tools that optometrists and ophthalmologists typically use to force open a person’s eyes during an examination or surgical procedure. If it weren’t for eye speculums, eye doctors would find it very difficult to treat a patient when they are constantly blinking. People cannot help their blinking because it is an involuntary action performed by the body to moisturize the eyes when they are dry (Keeffe). They get dry from the eyes being opened for too long. So with the eye speculums, they prevent this blinking and force the eyeballs to be exposed at all times. The speculums may look scary on the outside but most patients say they are comfortable and not painful what so ever. Here are some images of different type of eye speculums typically use in ophthalmologists office.