The first types of speculums ever made were designed to force open the vagina, rectum, etc now know as grave speculums. Archaeological evidence suggests the ancient Romans and Greeks were the original civilizations to use speculums for these purposes (Wikipedia). About a thousand years later during the medieval era, people started discovering optics and the use of glasses in order to see more clearly. The 13th century would be when the first pair of eyeglasses was invented by an Italian inventor (Wikipedia). But it wasn’t until the 19th and 20th centuries when eye speculums began being used in the field of optics. This greatly assisted eye doctors in treating patients and coming up with new innovations that would forever change patients’ lives such as with Lasik surgery using special lasik speculums.